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  • Akhshigan About Iran Mountain
    Code: 8
     
    Mountaineering
    Mountains of IRAN which are the most beautiful and distinct features of the country, are covering more than half of IRAN
    Mountaineering
    Mountaineering

    Mountains of IRAN which are the most beautiful and distinct features of the country, are covering more than half of IRAN. In a general view, the mountains of IRAN include two main ranges of "Alborz" with an east-west direction and "Zagros" with a northwest-southeast extension, which cover most of the high mountains in IRAN. Many "single" high mountains are also spread in other areas and specially around the central plateau of IRAN.

    The beautiful Alborz mountain range in the north, contains a collection of the highest mounts in IRAN. "Damavand", the roof of Iran with a 5671-meter altitude, is a volcanic cone.

    "Alamkuh", 4850m, has 850 meters of fine parapet excellent for rock-climbing. There are also many other peaks of over 4000 meters high.

    "Taftan" volcanic cone in Baluchestan with volcanic gases still erupting out, and the splendid "Sabalan" peak in Azerbaijan with slopes covered with wild flowers and a beautiful lake in the volcanic cone at it's peak frozen most part of the year.

    In the Zagros range, most of the mountains are calcareous with deep valleys and meandering rocks.

    Famous mountains such as "Dena" with several high peaks, the beautiful peak of "San Bran", Gahar Lake on it's foot, "Zardkuh" and many other peaks with over 4000m, stand there straight under the blue sky.

    There are mountaineering facilities to most of these peaks, and also perfect climbers with wonderful capabilities for many mountain sports.

    Symbolism and mythology

    Damāvand is the symbol of Iranian resistance against despotism in Persian poetry and literature. In Zoroastrian texts and mythology, the three-headed dragon Aži Dahāka was chained within Mount Damāvand, there to remain until the end of the world. In a later version of the same legend, the tyrant Zahhāk was also chained in a cave somewhere in Mount Damāvand after being defeated by Kāveh and Fereydūn. Persian poet Ferdowsi depicts this event in his masterpiece, the Shahnameh

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